How are male and female roles defined in Frankenstein

In Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus almost every level in the character tree there is a dominant male character that plays a significant role in the plot. In contrast, while there are some women that are main characters, the roles they play are often passively docile and supportive roles All three male protagonists, even far-flung, secluded Walton, are undercut by the novel, revealed to be both self-destructive and toxic for all those around them - particularly women. In terms of gender and masculinity, then, Frankenstein is a complexly situated, complexly self-aware, novel In the novel Frankenstein, and during the Georgian Era, women were presented in more caring and maternal roles that require them to stay at home. On the flip side, men work outside the house and take on public professions. As men are either going to work or completing quests, the daughter, mother, and sister are at home taking care of others Look first at the male roles in the novel. The protagonist and the antagonist (Frankenstein and his monster) are both male. The influence of two male professors and his father, shape Frankenstein's early academic life and the role of Henry Clerval is a dominant one. In every layer there is a dominant male character

From the outset, the presentation of the male gender in Frankenstein is marked by strong similarities with traditional male archetypes. Male characters display a detachment from domestic matters and in its place, possess an obsessive single-mindedness in the pursuit of their goals Throughout the novel, Shelley depicts stereotypical gender roles through Victor, the monster, and other characters. A place stereotypical gender thoughts can be seen is in Shelley's portrayal of women. As the book plays out, the women are seen as weak individuals that depend on males Portrayed as feeble and powerless females, characters such as, Caroline Beaufort, Margaret Saville and Elizabeth Lavenza played pathetic roles which only required them to undergo suffering eventually followed by death; only to reflect upon the dominant males in the story. Get Help With Your Essa Role of Women in Frankenstein. Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley's Frankenstein is a remarkable fiction which venerates and celebrates the role of women and womanhood in general to an optimum level. The female characters have been crafted in such a manner that the spirit of the novel rests entirely on their shoulders

Mary Shelley's feelings about the male circle around her, obviously the male characters in Frankenstein are more mature than the females. I think that the female characters are, idealized figures, in Shelley 's book, in the descriptions of Caroline and Elizabeth, the two mother figures in the book The female characters in Frankenstein play secondary and inferior roles to those of the male protagonists (similarly they are roles representative of the roles women of the time were confined to by the dominant social hierarchy) What were the perceived gender roles of the 18th and 19th century and how did Mary Shelley explore these through Frankenstein? During the 18th and 19th century gender roles became sharply defined. The period known as the Enlightenment is well documented for bringing about the separation of men and women into separate spheres

For a considerable amount of the literature in English language, sex and gender are shown to be equitable with certain human traits. Strength is defined as a predominantly male trait while weakness is shown as the female one. Men are depicted as stable while women are shown as impulsive and unpredictable Mary Shelly's novel Frankenstein (1818) explores the creation of a monster within the realm of an ideal European society. Living through the first half of the 19th century, Mary Shelly's exemplification of the idealized female gender roles of the period poses questions about the value of women's roles as daughters, wives, and mothers in the same fictional realm where men create new life The difference between male and female is socially created and defined by numerous types of cultures. In our society, males are sought to be as the provider of the household who work to support their family, maintain control, they're active, and competitive. Therefore, men are encouraged to hold leadership positions and play sports The second quote that supports the claim is from the article Brief History of Female Gender Roles. In this article, it says, Men are the heads of the household; women are dependent on the men. Women are expected to marry, produce heirs, and over see the the household (Brief History of Female Roles)

Women's roles in Frankenstein are typically pathetic, having other people depend on them and being ones of suffering, as objects of revenge for the men (Monster killing Elizabeth and Victor destroying the female monster) and then death , and are never given the opportunity to act on their ow The novel Frankenstein touches on many controversial ideas, knowledge as threat, secrecy of Victor about monster, rejection, abortion, that captivate the readers with its fascinating narrative. One of the important concepts that is touched over and over again is the passive role of the female characters The two primary characters of the film, the male tramp and the female gamin, were each characterized with gender specific qualities and characteristics that purposefully contradicted each character's sex. Essentially there was a gendered role -reversal between the man and the woman throughout most of the film Women play complex and often contradictory roles in Mary Shelley's iconic 1818 novel, ''Frankenstein.'' In this video, we'll explore some of Shelley's ideas about feminism and the role of women.

Gender Roles in Frankenstein FreebookSummar

  1. ion where intellectual activity is plentiful
  2. e (20), which strongly emphasizes the male control of the female during the time period
  3. characters. The female characters are passive and absent even when present. Th is absence of the female perspective highlights the male characters ¶ focus on their own endeavours and male relationships. The male perspective is also evident when women characters are side-lined in events and when males are passive when they ought to be active
  4. Victor Frankenstein's nineteenth-century Genevan society is founded on a rigid division of sex-roles: the man inhabits the public sphere, the woman is relegated to the private or domestic sphere. 2 The men in Frankenstein's world all work outside the home, as public servants {116} (Alphonse Frankenstein), as scientists (Victor), as merchants.
  5. One of the major issues that Mary Shelley handles in Frankenstein, famous novel written in the gothic genre, is the stereotypical gender roles that men and women followed during the Victorian period. It dissects a patriarchal culture that separated sexes and pressured women into dependence on men

All the women in Frankenstein are presented as being beautiful, submissive, and virtuous regardless of the position they hold in society. Frankenstein's Female Characters. The first female character that the writer introduces to us is Caroline Beaufort. This character represents the other female characters in the novel Sexism In Frankenstein Essay. 780 Words4 Pages. Patriarchy is the system engrained within our society that promotes men as the dominate and privileged group (Johnson, 6). While patriarchy is a system, sexism and misogyny are the two tools which enforce and benefit from that system. Sexism is defined as a personal prejudice, which reinforces.

In conclusion, the female characters fulfill the object role in this novel. Secondly, in this novel, the female characters rely heavily on men for support and survival. Furthermore, society views the female characters as delicate beings that can not survive by themselves. As a result, they need a man to protect, cherish and provide for them Men's Role in Frankenstein Prometheus, because it is important in the understanding of the novel's exclusion of female representation. The author, Mary Shelley, was the daughter of William Godwin and Mary dominated and defined by men. The male discourse in literature offered stereotyped images o This book seems male dominant. The females play a big role, but not in the way that big roles are usually played. Women seem to hide from playing a part in Frankenstein, but Mary Shelley finds a way to display feminism in the book and that is how most of the female characters roles are portrayed in the book All the women in Frankenstein are presented as being beautiful, submissive, and virtuous regardless of the position they hold in society. Frankenstein's Female Characters. The first female character that the writer introduces to us is Caroline Beaufort. This character represents the other female characters in the novel

Gender and masculinity in Mary Shelley's 'Frankenstein

In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, the female characters remain passive throughout the novel and are consistently treated unjustly; there is an apparent void of strong female characters in order to call attention to the oppression of women. Justine Moritz, a servant to the Frankenstein family, is targeted by the monster after William's murder. She is then unfairly tried and sentenced to death. Women as Submissive Commodity: An Irony in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein By - Kamana Aryal (introduction at the end of the paper), Vol.III, Issue.XXIX, June 2017 Abstract: In this paper, there was an attempt to explore how Mary Shelly attacked the then patriarchal society by representing her female characters in a very ironical way because that.. How are male and female roles defined Jrgen Moers / EyeEm / Getty Images Gender schema theory was introduced by psychologist Sandra Bem in 1981 and asserted that children learn about male and female roles from the culture in which they live. According to the theory, children adjust their behavior to align with the gender norms of their culture. gender roles are defined according to a society's male and female, but it involves the division and social valuation of masculinity and femininity. In other words, gender is a concept that humans cre- emphasize equality between women and men. Finally, gender roles are often discussed i

Frankenstein Gender Roles - Free Essay Example

Gender roles in society means how we're expected to act, speak, dress, groom, and conduct ourselves based upon our assigned sex. For example, girls and women are generally expected to dress in typically feminine ways and be polite, accommodating, and nurturing. Men are generally expected to be strong, aggressive, and bold Responsibility Women Controlling Men (continued) Frankenstein seen as not being in charge of the household. Off adventuring seeking glory. Frank: You were hereafter to be hailed as the benefactor of your species; your names adored, as belonging to brave men who encountered deat How are male and female roles defined? Female: -Being controlled by male.-Must be respectful to the man-Try to fight against, but too weak to do that. - Emilia. Male:-Controller.-Have power to control.-Egotism - can do whatever they want. Do it not with poison, strangle her in her bed, even the bad she hath contaminated Gender roles determine how males and females should think, speak, and dress. Also, gender roles can be defined as the behaviors and attitudes expected of male and female members of a society by that society. Gender roles are already developed before you are even born, you're are taught during childhood and usually goes on through adulthood

Frankenstein: Gender Roles in Frankenstein

  1. The dramatic increases of women earners have altered the way male and female see each other (Mundy 7). Ironically, experts estimate that there are currently about 2 million working women whose husbands are unemployed and looking for work (Linn). The effect of the gender roles shift is most apparent in the male than the female (Muddy 14)
  2. ist politics can exist in the absence of any kind of role model. The fe
  3. ately male oriented novel, strays from this stereotype and instead includes an abundance of subordinate female characters that shape the novel into the.
  4. ated society. GOTHIC literature of the nineteenth century was deeply concerned with threats to masculinity. Beginning with Mary Shelley's 1818 publicatio

The Female Gender and Its Significance in Mary Shelley's

Frankenstein Stereotypical Gender Analysis Literature

  1. Elizabeth is beautiful, so, by Victor Frankenstein's judgement, she must be a good and honourable person. Much as the monster is defined by his ugliness, Elizabeth is defined by her attractiveness which was a classic element of a gothic female, one being beautiful whilst lacking personality and a sense of worth
  2. 2. In love God established distinct male and female responsibilities (Ge 2:7,18,22) for the man and woman to whom He had given spiritual equality. These responsibilities involved headship for man and submission for woman. These roles demonstrated God's unchanging will for the complementary relationship of man and woman with each other
  3. In Frankenstein, Mary Shelley shows the exigent problems within the paradigm of the division of gender roles in the Romantic Period. She warns of the social dangers of an imbalanced, heavily binarized system. As men and women are segregated they are also reliant on each other. Such is the case in Victor Frankenstein

The Role Of Females In Frankenstein - UKEssays

  1. g a strong protective father figure, being the difference
  2. Sex RolesSex roles refer to socially coded behaviors and practices often related to a person's reproductive capacities, such as women with the roles of motherhood and men with fatherhood. The term sex role is often used interchangeably with the term gender role; however, the modifier gender implies roles may be socially or culturally produced whereas sex implies roles may be naturally or.
  3. es the female representations in the Victorian era and its reflections in literature through the female characters in Shelley's Frankenstein and Stoker's Dracula. From the beginning of the nineteenth century, the role of a woman is restricted to be a good wife and mother in Victorian era
  4. His Promethean nature and attempting to usurp the role of God relates to the views of the critics during the late 1970s and 1980s. They believed that Victor's main crime is not to usurp the role of the female but to attempt to take on the role of God. In the most hubristic fashion, Victor Frankenstein fits this exact definition

Role of Women in Frankenstein - GraduateWa

Frankenstein as a critique of the bourgeois family and the separation of male and female spheres;2 Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar write that the book describes a woman's helpless alienation in a male society,3 and Mary Poovey calls it a myth of female powerlessness which justifies the female Gender roles and stereotypes may be subtle, but they are still quite prevalent, impacting how people interact with one another at their places of work, their homes etc. Types of gender roles include male gender roles and female gender roles that are followed when it comes to child rearing and household chores

An Exploration of Conformity to Medieval Male and Female Roles in the Chronicle of Alfonso X. Gender is constructed by the society in which one lives, and due to this notion, it is essential to research and analyze the implications of being male or female during specific time periods. The Middle Ages is often labeled as a patriarchal society. Gender roles: Men and women are not so different after all. An Iowa State professor says we tend to focus on the extremes when looking at differences between genders, but men and women are really quite similar. Image courtesy of digitalart@FreeDigitalPhotos.net. AMES, Iowa - Gender is a large part of our identity that is often defined by our. Using Justine Moritz from Mary Shelley's Frankenstein (1818) as a framework, the female body will be analyzed as a reproductive body, and how its difference from the male body has been used by philosophy to justify its objectification for patriarchal purposes Gender roles in the Philippines are found in many different places; for instance, school systems, dating, marriage, and especially their families. There are several different elements that play a role in categorizing men and women into certain statuses among their gender roles. When Filipino's are born they automatically are expected to.

Female Characters In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein - 1472

  1. ation of heroines w/in rigid social & religious definitions of gender •Emblematic character names = purity, goodness, nobility & innocence •Stories = resemblance to fairy tale and folklore Female Gothic TEXTS Frankenstein (ultimate) Mysteries.
  2. ism in the novel requires the study of the female characters and the role they play or how they are portrayed in the novel. We meet Victor Frankenstein's mother, who died, and her death affected Frankenstein to the extent that Frankenstein sought to come up with a creation that would defy nature's.
  3. inity and Gender Roles in Science Fiction and Fantasy, published this month by McFarland and edited by Rutgers-Camden librarians Julie Still and Zara Wilkinson, aims to deepen our understanding by exa

Manifestations of Femininity in Mary Shelley's Frankenstei

The Arctic seafarer whose letters open and close Frankenstein. Walton picks the bedraggled Victor Frankenstein up off the ice, helps nurse him back to health, and hears Victor's story. He records the incredible tale in a series of letters addressed to his sister, Margaret Saville, in England. Read an in-depth analysis of Robert Walton The study shows that these are the female-dominated jobs where men made the most gains, and the percentage of men filling those roles: Cooks (institution and cafeteria): 64% Merchandise displayers. Frankenstein's Daughters. : Jane Donawerth. Syracuse University Press, Apr 1, 1997 - Religion - 240 pages. 1 Review. Women Science fiction authors - past and present - are united by the problems they face in attempting to write in this genre, an overwhelmingly male-dominated field. Science fiction has been defined by male-centered, scientific. The male creator no longer hides the female character, and motherhood is chosen rather than forced upon. Latimer's essay offers a very interesting and original perspective on feminism in Jackson's adaptation of Shelley's novel. Caroline Joan (Kay) S. Picart. Visualizing the Monstrous in Frankenstein Films Identifying with female characters: By examining the way female characters are defined, critics challenge the male-centered outlook of authors. Feminist literary criticism suggests that women in literature have been historically presented as objects seen from a male perspective

Gender roles - Hom

Frankenstein and the Depiction of Women The three women characters in Mary Shelley's gothic novel Frankenstein experience horrific events including brutal murder and degradation of their female roles. The women in Frankenstein represent the treatment of women in the early 1800's. Shelley's incorporation of suffering and death of her female characters portrays that in the 1800's it was. Mary Daly (October 16, 1928 - January 3, 2010) was an American radical feminist philosopher, academic, and theologian.Daly, who described herself as a radical lesbian feminist, taught at the Jesuit-run Boston College for 33 years. Daly retired in 1999, after violating university policy by refusing to allow male students in her advanced women's studies classes

Gender Roles and Gender Inequality in A Doll's House

Preconceived notions of gender roles from the 19th Century continued well into that of the 20th Century. The Industrial Revolution placed women in roles of domesticity, while men earned wages and supported families. Toward the middle of the century, these roles became less defined, although women continued to work in. How are male and female roles defined 2 Gender roles in society means how we're expected to act, speak, dress, groom, and conduct ourselves based upon our assigned sex. For example, girls and women are generally expected to dress in typically feminine ways and be polite, accommodating, and nurturing

-Gender roles: the reflection of a male and female, the roles a typical male or female takes on. -Gender identity: in early life children develop a perception of themselves based on if they are more masculine or feminine. - Gender-role preference: the desire to possess certain gender-type characteristics If you are a married or divorced couple and are parents you need to be a parent and share the same amount of work. It is both your child not just the mother's or father's. That child is your responsibility not just one parents. Meghan February 9, 2012 · 9:20 am. For the most part, my parents have equal parenting roles

That defined male/masculine as Oke and female/feminine as Nne. Early contact with the whites established legal commerce, slave trade, Christianity and education, and imposition of the Victorian gender ethos on Igbo women. Women's status reduced to those of children and they could not inherit, must submit to their husbands, only male. Gender Roles in A Streetcar Named Desire. One of the themes in Tennessee Williams' play, A Streetcar Named Desire, concerns gender roles. In the play, Stanley is depicted as the dominant male figure. He is described to have a beast-like quality about him, suggesting that he is not only physically built, but that he also has a bad temper The one-stop shop for professionals seeking career advice, Careersmart has all bases covered. From career development to redundancy, pay, health and workplace issues, different types of employment and pensions, the website is a wealth of information and practical advice The novel is also an extended meditation on the nature of men, women, and their expected gender roles. In the beginning, Celie is expected to serve her abusive father, and, later, her husband Mr. _____, and Nettie, not wanting to do either, runs away.But Nettie sacrifices the job generally reserved for women—motherhood—in order to educate herself and work for Samuel and Corrine during. The gender roles in Victorian age can be understood from the varied roles ascribed to the two genders, the male, and the female. Gender Roles of Victorian Era were n favour of men. The patriarchic system was the norm and women usually led a more secluded, private life. Men, on the other hand, possessed all kinds of freedom

Role strain has been defined as when an individual is likely to experience tension in coping with the requirements of incompatible roles (Stroshine & Brandl, 2011). Role strain can occur when the men in nursing are perceived by lecturers and peers to occupy a female role distinct with their masculine gender which may lead to the minimization o Men and Women Drivers . A new aspect of driving that compromises the success of both male and female drivers is cell phone use. Research finds that drivers using both hand-held and hands-free. Men are expected to care for their mothers and any unmarried female relatives, and would, it is reasoned, need greater resources for this purpose.) Primary Source has a resource section on Women's Voices in the Middle East which looks at three women who have challenged traditional gender norms in the region The kind of stereotypes that society use to define what is a man and what is a woman and the diferences between the Sex: Male and Female. The term sex has a couple of definitions. It can refer to the act of sexual intercourse or the categories of male and female. For this discussion, we're focusing on the second definition. Sex as male or female is an objective, binary classification. In this sense, sex refers to divisions based on reproductive functions

Gender Roles In Frankenstein - 1189 Words Bartleb

While female gender roles are often defined when children watch their mothers or sisters complete more household tasks or household tasks gender-designated as for women, there are also cultural influences that affect how men form their own gender role perceptions. If a young boy grows up in a household with an overly masculine attitude that. this insight by demonstrating that female and male leaders tend to be more effective in gender congruent roles, that is, female leaders were found to be less effective than men in military positions but more effective in, for example, education. This was linked to different uses of interpersonal skills in these different gendered contexts Female Empowerment. This policy on Gender Equality and. BOX 1: DEFINITIONS. Gender equality. 2. concerns women and men, and it involves working with men and boys, women and girls to bring about changes in attitudes, behaviors, roles and responsibilities at home, in the workplace, and in the community. Genuine equality means more than parit Male and female roles have changed dramatically since the beginning of the 21st century. Men were known as the bread-winners. Their responsibility was to go to work and bring home money to take care of their family.While women stayed at home and took care of all the cooking and cleaning

Male and female were created by God as equal in dignity, value, essence and human nature, but also distinct in role whereby the male was given the responsibility of loving authority over the female, and the female was to offer willing, glad-hearted and submissive assistance to the man. Gen. 1:26-27 makes clear that male and female are equally. Gender roles can be defined as the behaviors, values, and attitudes that a society considers appropriate for both male and female. Traditionally, men and women had completely opposing roles, men were seen as the provider for the family and women were seen as the caretakers of both the home and the family The term women's work is based on the idea that women are intrinsically less qualified for all but certain roles in the workforce; but what those roles are, exactly, has changed a bit over time. At the turn of the last century, an estimated 85 percent of clerical jobs were filled by men earning twice the salary of their female counterparts Gender-role conflict and strain are part of contemporary society's gender reevaluation. This gender reevaluation includes a critical assessment of masculinity, femininity, and androgyny as norms for optimal functioning in a rapidly changing society. Gender-role reevaluation is the process whereby men and women assess, maintain, and redefine.

The Many Faces Of The Frankenstein Monster In The Movies. In Mary Shelley's 1818 novel Frankenstein; or, the Modern Prometheus, the description of the Monster is relegated to just a few lines. He. Gender can be defined as a social identity consisting of the role a. person is to play because of his or her sex. There is a diversity in male and. female roles, making it impossible to define gender in terms of narrow male and. female roles. Gender is culturally defined, with significant differences from Instead of major gender roles, there were classes. In just about each class the roles between women and men were respected equally. APPLICATION: Gender roles definitely play vital role in my life. As a teenage female, I am not allowed to do the same things that teenage males are able to do, for safety reasons Frankenstein is riddled with passive female characters who suffer throughout the novel. However, not one female character throughout the novel ever exhibits behaviour outside of the submissive female role.Elizabeth, Victor's love, dies at the hand of the male creature, while waiting for Victor to rescue her Gender: refers to the social attributes and opportunities associated with being male and female and the relationships between women and men and girls and boys, as well as the relations between.

Gender Discrimination In Frankenstein Essay - 1187 Word

essential to research and analyze the implications of being male or female during specific time periods. The Middle Ages is often labeled as a patriarchal society because of the rigid roles that assigned men to the public sphere, and women to the private. Males dominated feudal society, which was defined by the three orders of society (those wh Once again Grecian tragedy can be attributed for an early implication of what happens when men take on great roles and become kings, and the warped view of reason kingship includes. Two great men within Sophoklean tragedy provide examples of such a corrupt transformation and downfall: Oedipus the King versus Oedipus the man , and. Gender is relational—gender roles and characteristics do not exist in isolation, but are defined in relation to one another and through the relationships between women and men, girls and boys . Simply put, sex refers to biological differences, whereas gender refers to social differences

The Role Of Gender Inequality In Frankenstein - 2283 Words

The question whether men and women are equal arose after revolution in most countries.In the past and according to history the question about gender equality was not something debatable.It was automatic that women were lesser and could only hold lesser positions in the society.A Woman would in fact be treated as a man's property which in turn justified the beating of wives by husbands.Men. Female equality. Women in The Color Purple are also shown as challenging traditional male-female roles. The relationship between Sofia and Harpo is the most obvious, with Sofia doing heavy work that is traditionally masculine and Harpo enjoying domestic tasks such as looking after children and cooking

Gender and Sexuality in Handmaids Tale and Frankenstein

Female to Male (FtM)- When somebody that is assigned as a female at birth identifies as a male Binary - The genders at each end of the gender spectrum (male and female) Non-Binary - An umbrella term for genders that fall somewhere in the middle of the gender spectrum and are neither strictly male or female Women Science fiction authors - past and present - are united by the problems they face in attempting to write in this genre, an overwhelmingly male-dominated field. Science fiction has been defined by male-centered, scientific discourse that describes women as alien others rather than rational beings. This perspective has defined the boundaries of science fiction, resulting in women writers. Dear Students, Use this space to post your comments after your reading assignments. Remember to read Frankenstein through your theoretical point of view and provide a brief (3-5 sentence) comment through the lens of that literary theory. Comments are to be made to the appropriate reading post heading Female Gothic is a 1976 essay by Ellen Moers, in which she defines what she considers to be the Female Gothic, then discusses Frankenstein's relevance to the genre as a birth myth. The Female Gothic, according to Moers, refers to the writing by women in the Gothic tradition that focuses on the physiological reactions to fear, and. In media, male characters are defined more by their actions than their personalities or appearances. Female characters, on the other hand, are defined by their personalities and appearances but not their actions. This trope is rooted in the female/male = passive/active dichotomy. Essentially, it's the idea men need to be out doing things to.

Anthropologist Margaret Mead on Female vs. Male Creativity, Gender in Leadership, Equitable Parenting, and Why Women Make Better Scientists In the long run it is the complex interplay of different capacities, feminine and masculine, that protects the humanity of human beings The role of women in traditional Judaism has been grossly misrepresented and misunderstood. The position of women is not nearly as lowly as many modern people think; in fact, the position of women in halakhah (Jewish Law) that dates back to the biblical period is in many ways better than the position of women under American civil law as recently as a century ago Sampling. A sample of 7,528 people was drawn from the population of inmates housed at 12 male adult prisons and one female adult prison operated by a single state (N = 22,231).The adult male prisons include a reception prison, a youth complex with three geographically dispersed prisons housing inmates aged 18 to 30 years, seven general population prisons, and a supermaximum prison A berdache was one who was defined by spirituality, androgyny, women's work and male/male homosexual relationships (127). The berdache could adopt the clothing of women, associate and be involved with women, do the work normally associated with women, marry a man and take part in many spiritual ceremonies of the tribe

The Role of Female Characters in Frankenstein 123 Help M

Gender role beliefs (i.e., beliefs about gender-specific responsibilities) predict one's educational and occupational aspirations and choices (Eccles et al., 1983; Schoon and Parsons, 2002). Focusing on STEM careers, we aim to examine the extent to which traditional work/family related gender role beliefs (TGRB) in adolescence predict within and across gender differences in subsequent. Recent research on gay male and lesbian couples suggests that traditional gender-role-playing sometimes occurs in their relationships, though it is less common than in the relationships of heterosexuals. This paper briefly explores three issues raised by these findings. First, we consider reasons wh