Dioxin exposure Vietnam

Research on Health Effects of Herbicide Exposure - Public

Vietnam veterans and agent orange exposure Date: Both newly and previously reviewed studies consistently show a relationship between well-characterized exposures to dioxin and dioxin-like. Agent Orange was a two-dioxin compound that was used for widespread defoliation in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia during the 1960s. The Agent Orange compound, TCDD, for dioxin tetrachlordibenzo-para-dioxin, is classified as a level 1 carcinogen, meaning any exposure can cause human cancers Previous research suggested that dioxin has been found in the blood and fat of Vietnam veterans decades after exposure to Agent Orange. dioxin is also neurotoxic and can affect the brain's. If you are a Vietnam war veteran or you otherwise experienced Agent Orange Exposure, Agent Orange and Dioxin Exposure. Because of a manufacturing error, Agent Orange contained large amounts of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, or TCDD. This compound is a particularly toxic form of dioxin. Dioxins are common chemicals that often result.

Affairs to declare certain maladies presumptive to exposure to Agent Orange/ dioxin and enable Vietnam veterans, as well as some veterans who served along the demilitarized zone in Korea in the late 1960s, to receive treatment and compensation for these health conditions. Service-connected benefits, however Importance: Agent Orange is a powerful herbicide that contains dioxin and was used during the Vietnam War. Although prior studies have found that Agent Orange exposure is associated with increased risk of a wide range of conditions, including neurologic disorders (eg, Parkinson disease), metabolic disorders (eg, type 2 diabetes), and systemic amyloidosis, the association between Agent Orange. Exposure to dioxin in Vietnam still costly to vets Effects of Agent Orange costlyAfter Vietnam exposure, about 23 diseases have been linked to the toxin, including diabete We studied whether exposure to Agent Orange and its contaminant, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (dioxin), during the Vietnam War is related to peripheral neuropathy. The index subjects were veterans of Operation Ranch Hand, the unit responsible for aerial herbicide spraying in Vietnam from 1962 to 1971 The latest report documenting the health impacts of Agent Orange exposure for Vietnam War veterans has added hypertension to the list of health problems associated with the herbicide.. The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, a committee that provides independent research and analysis to help guide government policies and initiatives, conducted the report

Agent Orange was a mixture of plant-killing chemicals (herbicides) used during the Vietnam War. It was used as a defoliant to remove tree cover, destroy crops, and clear vegetation from the perimeters of US bases. About 3 million Americans served in the armed forces in Vietnam and nearby areas during the time of the Vietnam War The latest in a series of congressionally mandated biennial reviews of the evidence of health problems that may be linked to exposure to Agent Orange and other herbicides used during the Vietnam War found sufficient evidence of an association for hypertension and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS)

The '60s at 50: Thursday, August 10, 1961: Herbicides in

Children of Vietnam Veterans Health Alliance is a new organization founded by 2 children of deceased Vietnam Veterans both suffering from birth defects from our fathers exposure to Agent Orange. Until we formed our org., there has never been a group BY Children of Vietnam Veterans FOR the children Of Vietnam Veterans The focus of this project was the extent to which biologic samples from people are a useful tool in quantifying exposure to herbicides some 25 or more years earlier. The original intent was to analyze the dioxin content of samples drawn from veterans identified through E4 EOI estimates as representing a range of possible exposures, with an oversampling of heavily exposed veterans

Many of us associate the Vietnam War with horrific violence and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Another scar that long war left on American society is the result of a harmful herbicide known as agent orange. The poisonous active ingredient of agent orange, dioxin, has been linked to many health conditions, diseases and cancer In 2010, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs provided $16.2 billion in compensation to 1,095,473 Vietnam-era veterans.[i] The agency does not relate these service-connected benefit figures directly to Agent Orange/dioxin exposure or to any other possible cause of illness, nor does it provide data on total compensation for the years since the war ended Dioxin's continuing impact can be slowed or halted by genetic counseling, cutting the dioxin exposure pathways in the human food chain and by environmental remediation of contaminated sites. The adverse effects of dioxin on human health can be ameliorated in most cases if detected early, but they cannot be fully corrected in some cases by any. Veterans and Agent Orange: Herbicide/Dioxin Exposure and Type 2 Diabetes reviews the scientific evidence regarding the association, if any, between Type 2 diabetes1 and exposure to dioxin2 and other chemical compounds in herbicides used in Vietnam. This report examines, to the extent that available data permitted meaningful determinations, (1. Agent Orange was the most widely used herbicide in Vietnam, and the most potent. It was available in slightly different mixtures, sometimes referred to as Agent Orange I, Agent Orange II, Agent.

Maps of Heavily Sprayed Areas and Dioxin Hot Spots - The

Vietnam veterans and agent orange exposure—new report. The latest in a series of congressionally mandated biennial reviews of the evidence of health problems that may be linked to exposure to. Agent Orange, which contained the most toxic form of dioxin, was the most commonly used chemical mixture. Cypel YS, Kress AM, Eber SM, Schneiderman AI, Davey VJ. Herbicide Exposure, Vietnam Service, and Hypertension Risk in Army Chemical Corps Veterans. J Occup Environ Med. 2016 Nov;58(11):1127-1136. PubMed PMID: 27820763. 3. Landgren O.

Vietnam veterans and agent orange exposure -- ScienceDail

The probability that dioxin was present aboard the aircraft carriers is beyond question. It is a certainty. Those service members who had boots-on ground are receiving their benefits under the rule of presumptive exposure, which only requires their presence anywhere on the land mass of Vietnam at any time between January 9, 1962 and May 7, 1975 Since the 1970s, IOM committees and other groups have attempted to reconstruct Vietnam veterans' potential exposure to Agent Orange and dioxin. Given the lack of exposure data on ground troops, the uncertainty of exposure models, and the limited knowledge about exposure among BWN veterans, the committee concluded that it was not possible to. U.S. Agent Orange/Dioxin Assistance to Vietnam Congressional Research Service Summary U.S. assistance to Vietnam for the environmental and health damage attributed to a dioxin contained in Agent Orange and other herbicides sprayed over much of the southern portion of the country during the Vietnam War remains a significant bilateral issue During the Vietnam War, the U.S. Air Force sprayed more than 80 million litres of Agent Orange and other herbicides contaminated with dioxin, a deadly compound that continues to poison the land, the rivers, the ocean and the people Post-Vietnam Dioxin Exposure in Agent Orange-Contaminated C-123 Aircraft C-123K: Agent Orange Crew Exposure 1972-1982. Possible exposure of crew members to herbicide residue in C-123 planes flown after the Vietnam War. HMD's scientific report on C-123 contaminated aircraft

Long Term Effects of Agent Orange Exposure Veterans Law

determine dioxin levels in blood, which is about 4 percent lipid. The availability of the technique made it possible for CDC to do an AgentOrangestudy,relyingon dioxinin bloodmeasurements as an estimate of exposure. In its Agent Orange exposure study, the CDC identified 600 Vietnam veterans who had been present at times and in area Dioxin exposure 15+ years out requiring modeling elimination; not always modified by body fat; not powered for rare disease associations. III: Vietnam Army Chemical Corps17, 51, 52, 53: 2872: 2737: Army Chemical Corps: Prospective cohort: 35: 28+ for dioxin assessment: Risk modeling; dioxin serum in ≤70%: ICD: INC (NS) for skin cancer 5

During the Vietnam War, dioxin was used often, killing vegetation and land in the way of the soldiers. For 9 years, the US military sprayed herbicides (containing dioxin) over the vast forests and thick vegetation of Vietnam. During the middle of 1961, the president of South Vietnam requested the U.S. conduct aerial herbicide spraying in the. The EPA years ago noted that Agent Orange and the components of dioxin were serious toxins and carcinogen, but this was ignored for decades. Other medical literature warned of the possible dangers of dioxin years before its use in Vietnam, finding connections to serious illnesses, including the neuropathies, warning of the dire consequences

US Vietnam War Vets Exposed To Agent Orange Are Twice As

  1. ant 2.
  2. Thyroid disfunction can affect your health in a number of ways. Some veterans may be experiencing a type of thyroid disfunction called hypothyroidism, which is often linked to chemical exposure. There is also increasing evidence that hypothyroidism is linked to Agent Orange exposure. While it can be difficult to obtain service connection.
  3. ated aircraft used to spray Agent Orange and returned to the U.S. following discontinuation of the herbicide spraying operations in the Vietnam War, were exposed to greater levels of dioxin than previously acknowledged, according to a study published today in Environmental Research by senior author Jeann
  4. Agent Orange is a defoliant that was used in Vietnam to destroy crops and reduce jungle foliage that could shelter enemy combatants. The herbicide contains dioxin, which has chemical properties similar to the thyroid hormones. Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease associated with overactivity of the thyroid gland
  5. Some Vietnam veterans have been diagnosed with peripheral neuropathy and others have expressed concern about developing this condition. Some scientific literature has linked peripheral neuropathy to exposure to dioxin, which was contained in Agent Orange. On May 23, 1991, the Veterans' Advisory Committee on Environmental Hazards considered the.
  6. ated C-123 Aircraft och andra böcker. Information om Post-Vietnam Dioxin Exposure in Agent Orange-Conta

But the exposure to Agent Orange was a lifetime risk, and the government acknowledged that many more veterans would likely develop diseases related to dioxin exposure for decades to come Individual Exposure to Dioxin Thousands of veterans who served offshore Vietnam as Navy, Coast Guard and Fleet Marine (Blue Water Navy) personnel on all types of ships display the exact symptoms of diseases exhibited by veterans who had their boots-on-ground, meaning those who stood on solid land within the geographic boundaries of South Vietnam

Agent Orange and Dioxin Hot Spots in Vietnam. During the American War, US military forces released over 72 million litres of herbicide into the environment of southern Viet Nam in a code-named mission called Operation Ranch Hand that extended from 1962 to 1971. The majority of the chemicals sprayed were Agent Orange in order to destroy forest. A new white paper released by the Veterans Legal Services Clinic says veterans who served on Guam from 1962 to 1975 satisfy the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) legal standard for exposure to Agent Orange and other dioxin-containing herbicides The more frequent outcomes of prenatal exposure to dioxin may be in the area of immunological, neurological and neuroendocrine outcomes. Since 1990, Birth Defect Research for Children has collected data on birth defects and developmental disabilities in the children of Vietnam veterans through the National Birth Defect Registry This exposure assessment pilot study tested the hypothesis that elevated blood levels of the dioxin congener 2,3,7,8-TCDD (TCDD }, due to Agent Orange exposure, in American Vietnam veterans could be demonstrated two to three decades after Vietnam service.

Agent Orange and Dioxin Hot Spots in Vietnam - Persistent

While proving effective as a wartime strategy, exposure to Agent Orange has caused nearly 3 million Vietnamese citizens and thousands of United States Veterans to suffer from an immense number of malignant conditions. It is estimated that nearly 1.5 million Vietnam Veterans were exposed to the heaviest herbicide spraying from 1967 to 1969 National Resolutions: RESEARCH ON AGENT ORANGE/DIOXIN EFFECTS AO-1-95 (The CSC AO Committee recommends: Reaffirm as AO-1-97) Issue: Research into human health effects of exposure to the ingredients in Agent Orange/dioxin and other herbicides and toxic chemicals used in Vietnam needs to continue in order to provide for the most complete understanding of these effects Vietnam Veterans were exposed to two different risk factors regarding developing Cholangiocarcinoma due to their service in Vietnam. The risk factors are exposure to liver flukes and dioxin, which is in Agent Orange.(Documentation is available in the research files for both liver fluke and herbicide exposure). Although, exposure to the liver fluke in Vietnam is mainly through eating, raw.

Vietnam War veterans with prior exposure to the Veterans Affairs recognizes and provides benefits for certain cancers and health problems associated with prior dioxin exposure during military. By 2016, spina bifida was the only birth defect that the US government acknowledged as related to veteran exposure to Agent Orange, through paternal exposure to dioxins. Though Veterans Affairs compensated the families of veterans for specific birth defects related to maternal military service, studies had yet to establish a link between those.

Agent Orange Diseases and Symptoms Breakdown! - Hill

Dioxins' effects on fertility and on thyroid function were considered in this context, and only considering these 2 endpoints shows that this exposure can contribute significantly to foodborne disease burden in some parts of the world. Reducing dioxin exposure is an important public health goal for disease reduction Dioxins can cause developmental problems in children, lead to reproductive and infertility problems in adults, result in miscarriages, damage the immune system, and interfere with hormones. Exposure to dioxins has widespread effects in nearly every vertebrate species, at nearly every stage of development, including in the womb The VA declared specific conditions ranging from diabetes to cancer, directly tied to presumptive exposure to Agent Orange and dioxin. The VA recognized over a dozen medical conditions for. Post-Vietnam Dioxin Exposure rejects the idea that the dioxin residues detected on interior surfaces of the C-123s were immobile and effectively inaccessible to the Reservists as a source of exposure. Accordingly, this report states with confidence that the Air Force Reservists were exposed when working in the Operation Ranch Hand C-123s and so.

Agent Orange: Lasting Side Effect

  1. ated Agent Orange, were sprayed by 34 C-123 aircraft that were subsequently returned to the United States, without.
  2. Marked elevation of dioxin associated with the herbicide Agent Orange was recently found in 19 of 20 blood samples from persons living in Bien Hoa, a large city in southern Vietnam. This city is located near an air base that was used for Agent Orange spray missions between 1962 and 1970
  3. Methods A health survey of these 1,499 Vietnam veterans and a group of 1,428 non-Vietnam veterans assigned to chemical operations jobs was conducted using a computer assisted telephone interview system. Exposure to herbicides was assessed by analyzing serum specimens from a sample of 897 veterans for dioxin. Logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the risk of selected medical.
  4. One lung cancer risk factor is exposure to pesticides, particularly a mixture called Agent Orange. Named for the color of its metal containers, Agent Orange was an herbicide produced for military purposes during the Vietnam War. From 1961 until 1971, approximately 19 million gallons of the product were applied to shrubbery and other foliage.

Veterans' Diseases Associated with Agent Orange - Public

even if it is likely that [Agent Orange] dioxin exposure is a determinative factor in only a small percentage of cases. Since it is impossible to know what role dioxin played in any particular case, all Vietnam veterans with diabetes and prostate cancer have been and are being granted presumptive service connection 1. Introduction. Dioxin from herbicides used during the Vietnam war is an ongoing public health concern. More than four decades after the war ended, former U.S. airbases in Da Nang, Phu Cat, and Bien Hoa are still a hotspot of dioxin contamination (Hatfield Consultants, 2007, Hatfield Consultants, 2011).The contamination is attributable to the storage, loading, spillage, and handling of. Objectives Dioxin levels in the breast milk of mothers residing near hot spots of dioxin contamination areas in South Vietnam remain much higher than in unsprayed areas, suggesting that fetuses and breast-fed infants may be exposed to high levels of dioxins. The present study investigated the association of infant neurodevelopment in early infancy and dioxin exposure during the perinatal period The study, published in the November issue of the journal Environmental Health Perspectives, indicates that exposure to TCDD, the most toxic dioxin contained in Agent Orange, may disturb the male.

Emma Ackerson's grandfather, Navy veteran Lonnie Kilpatrick, was exposed to the toxic herbicide while on Guam in the 70s The effects destroyed his heart After an eightyear struggle, 8 On Your Side assisted Lonnie in obtaining Agent Orange benefits from the VA Lonnie died weeks later from cancer that the VA missedAgent Orange didn't just manifest in the bloodstream of veterans It got passed in. Orange Heart is working to award all Vietnam veterans with exposure to Agent Orange with an orange medal. A memorial wall also is located at Springfield Memorial Gardens in Springfield Tenn Dioxin, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo [p]dioxin (TCDD), is a chemical compound that constitutes part of the Agent Orange herbicide used as a defoliant in the Vietnam War. According to research cited in the study, exposure is estimated to have caused 400,000 deaths and 500,000 birth defects. Dioxin has also been released from industrial accidents.

At the request of the Government of Vietnam (GVN), the U.S. Government agreed to complete the environmental remediation, or cleanup, of the Danang Airport due to high dioxin concentrations in soil and sediment remaining from the U.S.-Vietnam War Post-Vietnam Dioxin Exposure in Agent Orange-Contaminated C-123 Aircraft. In 1972-1982 some 1,500-2,100 US Air Force Reserve personnel trained and worked on some aircraft used to spray herbicides in Vietnam. After becoming aware that the aircraft had served this purpose, some of them applied to the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) for. Post-Vietnam Dioxin Exposure in Agent Orange-Contaminated C-123 Aircraft PREPUBLICATION COPY - UNCORRECTED PROOFS THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the. The Health and Medicine Division (HMD) (formally known as the Institute of Medicine) released Post-Vietnam Dioxin Exposure in Agent Orange-Contaminated C-123 Aircraft on Jan. 9, 2015. VA established qualification for benefits related to Agent Orange exposure for some Veterans due to this report Other studies offer evidence that many more birth defects may be associated with dioxin-contaminated herbicide exposure in Vietnam. In 1990, an independent scientific review of the literature was sponsored by Vietnam Veterans of America, the American Legion, and the National Veterans Legal Services Project

Exposure to Agent Orange in Vietnam - For the purposes of VA compensation benefits, Veterans who served anywhere in Vietnam between January 9, 1962 and May 7, 1975 are presumed to have been exposed to herbicides, as specified in the Agent Orange Act of 1991 But, experience with other governmental agencies responsible for specifically analyzing and studying the effects of exposure to Agent Orange strongly hints at a discernible pattern, if not outright governmental collaboration, to deny compensation to Vietnam Veterans for disabilities associated with exposure to dioxin. (5 The newspaper reports that the study's findings to date have been a key factor in denying compensation to Vietnam veterans who have illnesses they claim are related to Agent Orange exposure. Sources: Vietnam Study Finds Dioxin in Food Chain, Los Angeles Times, October 31, 1998. How the Military Misled Vietnam Veterans and Their Families.

A girl colors a page at a center for children affected by dioxin exposure in Da Nang, Vietnam. The Da Nang Association for Victims of Agent Orange/Dioxin says that 5,000 people - including more than 1,400 children - around the city suffer from mental and physical disabilities from dioxin exposure, a legacy the U.S. military's use of Agent Orange during the Vietnam War more than 40 years ago Exposure to the herbicide Agent Orange during the Vietnam War was widespread and is associated with numerous adverse health outcomes. A continuing concern of veterans is the possibility that exposure to the dioxin-containing herbicide might induce adverse reproductive outcomes. We sought to assess whether exposure to Agent Orange in Vietnam was associated with changes in DNA methylation in. Here are the basic rules to get the presumption of Agent Orange exposure if you served in Thailand during the Vietnam War: 1) Service at U-Tapao, Ubon, Nakhon Phanom (aka, NKP), Udorn, Takhli, Korat, and/or Don Muang, between February 28, 1961, and May 7, 1975. 2) You served as a security policeman, patrol dog handler, security police. Vietnam veterans. The Veterans' Dioxin and Radiation Exposure Compensation Standards Act of 1984 (P.L. 98-542) required the VA to develop regulations for disability compensation to Vietnam veterans exposed to Agent Orange. In 1991, the Agent Orange Act (P.L. 102-4) established

Exposure To Dioxins Influences Male Reproductive System, Study Of Vietnam Veterans Concludes Date: November 16, 2006 Source: UT Southwestern Medical Cente The report titled Post-Vietnam Dioxin Exposure In Agent Orange-Contaminated Aircraft, released Friday, Jan. 9, 2015, finds that Air Force Reserve members who flew the C-123s between 1972 and 1982, may be at risk for developing diseases and conditions related to Agent Orange.. These aircraft were returned stateside after their use during the Vietnam War The US-Vietnam Dialogue Group on Agent Orange/Dioxin, composed of members of the Aspen Institute, Vietnam National University, and Vietnam Veterans Association, is the most notable example of this civic response. Long-term programs and continued check-ups on the state of current plans to address Agent Orange are heavily monitored Levels of polychlorinated dioxins/furans (PCDD/PCDF) in selected environmental samples (soils, sediments, fish, and farm animals) were analyzed from the area of Phong My commune (Thua Thien-Hue province, Vietnam). This area was affected by Agent Orange spraying during the Vietnam war (1968-1971). Whereas PCDD/PCDF content in soil and sediment samples is relatively low and ranges between 0.05. Dioxin levels in the breast milk of mothers residing near a contaminated former airbase in Vietnam remain much higher than in unsprayed areas, suggesting high perinatal dioxin exposure for their.

Vo Quy, Father of Environmental Conservation in Vietnam

Blue Water Navy Vietnam Veterans and Agent Orange Exposur

The New York State Temporary Commission on Dioxin Exposure was created to gather information and inform the public, specifically Vietnam veterans about the hazardous effects of herbicides, particularly those containing dioxin, a chemical in Agent Orange 2.1. Eliminate sources of dioxin exposure Researches on environmental residues of dioxin by Vietnamese authors and some international authors have shown that in the South of Vietnam, in some storage places for Agent Orange/dioxin left behind by U.S. Army after the war in Vietnam, levels of dioxin i Blood tests on 147 Air Force veterans who were assigned to spray defoliants like Agent Orange on Vietnam show ''unusually heavy'' levels of exposure to dioxin, the Federal Centers for Disease. Dioxin on the Carriers. Thousands who served offshore Vietnam on all types of ships display the exact symptoms of diseases exhibited by veterans who had their boots-on-ground. (WASHINGTON DC) - Individual Exposure to Dioxin When the United States began using Chemical Warfare in Vietnam, its stated goals were to defoliate jungle coverage to. Long-term effects These information concerning the health effects of long-term exposure to dioxins have been largely gathered from people exposed during the Seveso incident and Vietnam veterans exposed to Agent Orange. Another source of information was an accidental exposure to dioxin among residents of Times Beach, Missouri

Agent Orange Exposure and Dementia Diagnosis in US

The subject of Ngo et al.'s review 1 has been in the news since the 1960s: has exposure to Agent Orange sprayed in Vietnam between 1962 and 1971, or its dioxin contaminant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (or TCDD), resulted in an increased incidence of congenital malformations in Vietnam? Since 1983 there have been a number of Vietnamese conference presentations, which support the belief that. effect relationship between dioxin exposure and any dis-ease except chloracne. Id. at 34,458. It did, however, pro-vide that [f]rom time to time, the [VA] shall publish evaluations of scientific or medical studies relating to the adverse health effects of exposure to [dioxin], id. at 34,458, and that [i]n the adjudication of individua Received letter from VA yesterday. They are requesting additional evidence, as per this paragraph: We may consider that your carcinoma and hypertension is associated with dioxin exposure if you send us scientific or medical evidence showing that your claimed condition is medically associated with dioxin exposures Dioxin in Vietnam. Dioxin, the toxic compound chemically known as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, or TCDD, is the most studied member of the dioxin category of chemical substances. Dioxin became publicly known after the Vietnam War due to its presence in Agent Orange, an herbicide used to defoliate the jungles of Southeast Asia Although there is a plausible link between dioxin exposure and biologic changes associated with diabetes, the committee did not find that dioxin exposure leads to diabetes. The ability of researchers to pinpoint the health risks faced by veterans is hampered by inadequate information about exposure levels of troops in Vietnam

Editorial: Agent Orange still poisons many Vietnam WarFront Matter | Veterans and Agent Orange: Herbicide/Dioxin2 vets win Agent Orange exposure cases from Okinawa - NewsRepulsive: Monsanto expands presence in Vietnam, 55 yearsAgent Orange deformities: The children of Vietnam’sVietnam Veteran's Widow Finally Wins VA Claim After 24

Dioxin exposure, however, is not limited to Vietnam veterans and a safe threshold for dioxin exposure has never been established for the U.S. general population. The contradictory findings of previous research relating dioxin and adverse reproductive effects may be due in part to the absence of a genetic susceptibility component to identify. Exposure to the herbicide Agent Orange has been tied to a significantly increased risk for dementia in Vietnam War veterans, new research shows. Investigators at the University of California, San. Severe dioxin contamination at Bien Hoa and Da Nang airbases, Vietnam is of international concern. Public Health risk reduction programs were implemented in Bien Hoa in 2007-2009 and in Da Nang in 2009-2011. In 2009 and 2011 we reported the encouraging results of these interventions in improving the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of local residents in reducing the dioxin exposure. The concentrations and temporal variations of polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorodibenzofurans (PCDDs/PCDFs) in ambient air between March 2013 and February 2017 were investigated by passive air samplers containing polyurethane foam (PUF) disks in the dioxin remediation area using in-pile thermal desorption (IPTD) technology at Da Nang airport, Vietnam from specific conditions reported to result from dioxin exposure. o Also supporting the idea of compensation is the Vietnam Veter2ns of America (VVA). The VVA maintains that scientific evidence supports the association of adverse human health effects and dioxin exposure

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